That Romantic Fortress': British Depictions of the Alhambra, 1815-1837
Roelle, Jenna Rose
Beginning in the early decades of the nineteenth century, British artists became increasingly fascinated by the Alhambra palace complex in Granada, Spain. This thesis examines the prints of three such artists who traveled to Granada, James Cavanah Murphy (1760-1814), John Frederick Lewis (1805-1876) and David Roberts (1796- 1864), in order to shed light on their shifting attitudes and approaches to the Alhambra. A comparison of Murphy's publication of 1815 and the works of Lewis and Roberts, published in the 1830s, will reveal a shift from an attempt to accurately and methodically record Granada's palace complex, to an increasingly subjective and emotionally-based approach. The social and cultural context of Britain and Spain in the early nineteenth century, and the role played by the accompanying text in these publications will also be considered.