Raman optical frequency comb generation in hydrogen-filled hollow-core fiber
Wu, Chunbai, 1980-
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Wu, Chunbai, 1980-
In this dissertation, we demonstrate the generation of optical Raman frequency combs by a single laser pump pulse traveling in hydrogen-filled hollow-core optical fibers. This comb generation process is a cascaded stimulated Raman scattering effect, where higher-order sidebands are produced by lower orders scattered from hydrogen molecules. We observe more than 4 vibrational and 20 rotational Raman sidebands in the comb. They span more than three octaves in optical wavelength, largely thanks to the broadband transmission property of the fiber. We found that there are phase correlations between the generated Raman comb sidebands (spectral lines), although their phases are fluctuating from one pump pulse to another due to the inherit spontaneous initiation of Raman scattering. In the experiment, we generated two Raman combs independently from two fibers and simultaneously observed the single-shot interferences between Stokes and anti-Stokes components from the two fibers. The experimental results clearly showed the strong phase anti-correlation between first-order side bands. We also developed a quantum theory to describe this Raman comb generation process, and it predicts and explains the phase correlations we observe. The phase correlation that we found in optical Raman combs may allow us to synthesize single-cycle optical pulse trains, creating attosecond pulses. However, the vacuum fluctuation in stimulated Raman scattering will result in the fluctuation of carrier envelope phase of the pulse trains. We propose that we can stabilize the comb by simultaneously injecting an auxiliary optical beam, mutually coherent with the main Raman pump laser pulse, which is resonant with the third anti-Stokes field.