Controlling Congestion Through Parking Policy: Minimums, Maximums, and the Road to an Efficient Future
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This report was created in response to the City of Salem’s interest in comparing the off-street parking requirements of their zoning ordinance with those of other similar cities in the United States. The report also focuses on required minimum and maximum parking spaces for multi-family residential housing, with particular attention being given to the issue of whether parking requirements vary between residential developments in core areas and outlying areas. For the final project in the Land Use Policy and Growth Management course, students performed case study analyses on differences in land use parking standards for various municipalities across the nation. These parking standards are frequently developed by consulting the Institute of Transportation Engineers Parking Generation handbook and by surveying nearby municipalities for land use trends. When analyzed on a comparative basis to that of Salem, Oregon, the general trends suggest a move toward integration and encouragement of multiple modes of transportation.