Dissociation : Vol. 8, No. 4, p. 236-240 : The predisposition to dissociate: The temperamental traits of flexibility/rigidity, daily rhythm, emotionality and interactional speed
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This paper 1) supports Braun and Kluft's hypothesis that there is a biological substrate for dissociativity; 2) demonstrates that one biological substrate might be temperament; 3) establishes additional construct and discriminant validity for Beere's perceptual theory of dissociation, namely, that dissociation involves a perceptual process in which "background " perceptual input is lost or degraded; and 4) extends the application of Beere's theory from dissociative reactions during trauma to dissociation in general. Measures of temperament and dissociation were administered to 125 undergraduate students. Results support Beere 's theory that dissociation involves blocking out peripheral perceptual stimuli. DES correlated significantly with flexibility/ rigidity, regularity of daily habits, social emotionality, emotionality, and social tempo. High dissociators tended to be more rigid, less regular, less emotionally responsive to negatives, and interact more quickly than low dissociators.