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This report summarizes the work done by students in the Industrial Ecology class at the University of Oregon during fall term 2010. The students explored industrial ecology concepts to evaluate opportunities in two business cases in the Salem area: the City of Salem’s Willow Lake Water Pollution Control Facility (Willow Lake) and NORPAC Foods, Inc. (NORPAC). The students worked on the two cases through five separate projects – three for Willow Lake and two for NORPAC. At Willow Lake, the objective was to evaluate the feasibility of transforming waste to energy and reclaiming water generated by the facility. • Project #1 investigated the feasibility of adopting a fuel cell that would replace the current generator to generate energy from the methane produced by the current digester at the facility. The students recommended that Willow Lake continue with traditional cogeneration technology and deploy an 848 kW replacement engine. Included with the students’ project report was an Excel financial model for Willow Lake to examine and use to further refine understanding of the likely effects of each replacement alternative. • Project #2 assessed the feasibility of a symbiotic partnership between SeQuential-Pacific Biodiesel (SeQuential) and Willow Lake through an evaluation of the environmental and financial implications of biodigestion of grease trap waste. Students found that, at the level of accuracy currently available, a partnership between Willow Lake and SeQuential has environmental and financial benefits. They recommend that SeQuential and Willow Lake continue to investigate the methane production potential of this waste to determine an appropriate tipping fee (a charge levied by a waste treatment facility to accept waste). • Project #3 identified opportunities for Willow Lake to secure a long-term water supply and reduce wastewater discharge impacts through water reclamation. The case studies and cost analysis show that the use of reclaimed water in the region under the current system is not cost effective. However, future water supply and discharge limitations indicate the need to start considering multiple reclamation alternatives now. At NORPAC, the objective was to evaluate opportunities to reuse, recycle, or compost waste generated from facilities in Brooks, Stayton, and Salem. • Project #4 proposed a viable strategy for NORPAC to achieve its goal of conserving and recycling nutrients in its facilities by discovering opportunities to reuse, recycle, or compost the waste generated by operations. While each has its own benefits and challenges, the alternative with the highest revenue potential and environmental benefits to NORPAC is vermicomposting. Specifically, NORPAC could create a partnership with Oregon Soil Corporation to develop a vermicomposting (worm composting) operation. • Project #5 assessed the current disposal solution for defective cans and evaluated three potential strategies for a more sustainable disposal process. The students recommended NORPAC take a two-pronged approach to restructure its current disposal process. In the short term (0-6 months), NORPAC could centralize can collection at the Madrona (Salem) facility and recycle 100% of its defective cans internally. In the long run (6 months and longer), NORPAC could partner with Recology to establish an ongoing waste disposal program, integrating other local canneries into this waste disposal program.