GLOBAL WARMING, COMPUTERIZED DESIGN TOOLS AND INDUSTRIALIZED HOUSING
Brown, G. Z.
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Brown, G. Z.
This paper reviews the author's and his associates' current research in the areas of global warming, computerized design tools and industrialized housing. The global warming study for buildings in the United States concluded that annual cooling loads will increase at a much greater rate than heating loads will decrease; the timing, magnitude and duration of short term changes, peaks, is as large a concern as the sheer magnitude of the large annual changes in demand due to global warming. This paper also describes ongoing research on the development of user interfaces for energy software to be used by building designers. In order to develop interfaces, the unique characteristics of the building design process must be understood and used in the creation of software. The two characteristics discussed are (1) that the architectural design process emphasizes synthesis rather than analysis and (2) that the symbols used to transmit knowledge are primarily graphic abstraction, rather than alphanumeric abstractions. In the United States, housing is becoming increasingly industrialized. At the same time, the need for energy efficiency in housing is increasingly apparent. We are studying how to produce new housing that offers improved energy performance, and uses industrialized production to achieve higher quality at lower cost. The research focuses on three related concerns: energy conservation, industrial process, and housing design.
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