Efficacy of an Internet-based Intervention Targeted to Adolescents with Subthreshold Depression

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dc.contributor.author Makarushka, Marta Maria, 1969
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-28T00:58:38Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-28T00:58:38Z
dc.date.issued 2011-09
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1794/12091
dc.description xiv, 105 p. ill. (some col.) en_US
dc.description.abstract Depression during adolescence is highly prevalent with as many as 20% experiencing a major depressive episode by the age of 18. Adolescent depression causes significant impairment across life areas including school functioning, such as poor academic performance and decreased academic achievement. Despite the existence of many evidence-based treatment options, merely 25% of depressed adolescents receive treatment. For this reason, it is essential that easily accessible preventive interventions for adolescent depression be developed and made available. Computerized interventions could broaden the reach of prevention efforts and preliminary results indicate that they have the potential to successfully prevent adolescent depression. The Coping with Depression course is an empirically validated cognitive-behavioral depression treatment and prevention program that is well-suited for computerized delivery. This dissertation reports on the development and evaluation of a web-based interactive multimedia version of the adolescent Coping with Depression course with students experiencing subclinical levels of depression. The Blues Blaster program includes the following six modules, with five mini-sessions in each: (a) defining depression, (b) mood monitoring, (c) increasing fun activities, (d) increasing positive thinking, (e) recognizing negative thinking, and (f) decreasing negative thinking. Key concepts are presented and reinforced in a variety of engaging ways within each session, including video, animation, comic strips, graphics, interactive exercises, and games. The Blues Blaster program was evaluated in a randomized controlled trial with 161 adolescents who were randomly assigned to either the Blues Blaster or informationonly control conditions. Participants were assessed at baseline, post-treatment (six weeks after baseline), and six-month follow-up. Results demonstrated greater improvement for the Blues Blaster condition in depression levels, negative thoughts, behavioral activation, knowledge, self-efficacy, and school functioning compared to the information-only control condition. These findings suggest that this targeted prevention program is appropriate for use with middle school students to decrease depression levels and therefore the risk that they will develop major depression in the future. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Committee in charge: Christopher Murray, Chairperson; Deanne Unruh, Member; Jeffrey Sprague, Member; John R. Seeley, Member; Sara Hodges, Outside Member en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Oregon en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries University of Oregon theses, Dept. of Special Education and Clinical Sciences, Ph. D., 2011;
dc.rights rights_reserved en_US
dc.subject Mental health en_US
dc.subject Special education en_US
dc.subject Multimedia communications en_US
dc.subject Clinical psychology en_US
dc.subject Health and environmental sciences en_US
dc.subject Communication and the arts en_US
dc.subject Education en_US
dc.subject Psychology en_US
dc.subject Adolescent psychopathology en_US
dc.subject Adolescents en_US
dc.subject Cognitive-behavioral therapy en_US
dc.subject Computer en_US
dc.subject Depression, Mental -- Prevention en_US
dc.subject Internet en_US
dc.subject Prevention en_US
dc.subject Teenagers -- Mental health services
dc.title Efficacy of an Internet-based Intervention Targeted to Adolescents with Subthreshold Depression en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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