Analysis of Off-axis, Low-velocity Zones on the Flanks of the Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge
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Seismic data from the intermediate-spreading Endeavour segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge reveal several crustal-level, low-velocity, high-attenuation regions on the eastern and western ridge flanks 7 to 16 km from the neovolcanic zone. I examine Pg amplitude anomalies for a wide variety of source-receiver azimuths in the Endeavour active source seismic tomography data. I use finite difference waveform forward modeling to estimate the dimensions, depth, and seismic properties of the best-observed inferred anomalous regions. The attenuating regions extend 10-15 km beneath axis-parallel bathymetric highs and from 2 to 4 km below the seafloor. The velocity reduction is small (~8%) and the attenuation large (QP ≈ 8-40) suggesting the presence of partial melt. I infer that melt focusing toward the neovolcanic zone is incomplete and that tectonic interactions with the Heckle seamount chain and/or the large segment-bounding overlapping spreading centers may promote off-axis melt delivery at the Endeavour segment.