Investigation of Secondary Coordination Sphere Effects for Cyanohydrin Hydration with Transition Metal Catalysts

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Title: Investigation of Secondary Coordination Sphere Effects for Cyanohydrin Hydration with Transition Metal Catalysts
Author: Knapp, Spring Melody
Abstract: The synthesis of high value acrylic monomers is currently done industrially via cyanohydrin hydration using concentrated acids, resulting in large quantities of useless byproducts. This current process is energy intensive and lacks atom economy; therefore, alternative cyanohydrin hydration strategies are under investigation. Ideally, cyanohydrin hydration would be done using organometallic nitrile hydration catalysts. Cyanohydrin hydration with these catalysts is challenging, because it needs to be done at low temperatures and under acidic conditions to reduce cyanohydrin degradation and catalyst poisoning with cyanide. This dissertation describes the reactivity of [Ru(#951;
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1794/12362
Date: 2012


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