1816: "The Mighty Operations of Nature": An Environmental History of the Year Without a Summer

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dc.contributor.advisor Dennis, Matthew en_US
dc.contributor.author Munger, Michael en_US
dc.creator Munger, Michael en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-26T04:03:16Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-26T04:03:16Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1794/12417
dc.description.abstract The catastrophic eruption of the Indonesian volcano Mt. Tambora in April 1815, which ejected a cloud of sulfur dioxide into the upper atmosphere, plunged the world into a rapid temporary climate change event. A series of bizarre weather anomalies, including snowstorms in June and repeated heavy frosts throughout the rest of the summer, earned 1816 the moniker "the Year Without a Summer." This paper examines the various ways in which Americans reacted to the climate change--seeking causation explanations through science and superstition, political and religious responses, and the efforts to appreciate what the events meant in terms of the world's changing climate. Through these various reactions, a picture emerges of Americans' incomplete understanding of science and nature, as well as an uneasy reckoning with the impossibility of fully explaining their environment and the potential dangers it presented to them. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Oregon en_US
dc.rights All Rights Reserved. en_US
dc.subject 1816 en_US
dc.subject climate change en_US
dc.subject Early Republic en_US
dc.subject Tambora en_US
dc.subject volcanic winter en_US
dc.subject Year Without a Summer en_US
dc.title 1816: "The Mighty Operations of Nature": An Environmental History of the Year Without a Summer en_US
dc.type Electronic Thesis or Dissertation en_US

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