Dissociation : Vol. 8, No. 3, p. 175-202 : Dissociative reactions and characteristics of the trauma: preliminary tests of a perceptual theory of dissociation
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Ten hypotheses were derived from Beere's (in press) perception based theory of dissociation. Seven hypotheses received significant support. Although two hypotheses obtained inconsistent support, the results are explainable by the theory. The tenth hypothesis received no support. Two post hoc hypotheses pertinent to the tenth hypothesis and based on the theory received strong support, however, indicating that the last hypothesis was a misapplication of the theory. The results indicate, as predicted by the theory, that during trauma perception of the background (defined as "I," mind, body, world, and time) is lost or altered and becomes the dissociative reaction. In addition, the results indicate that specific dissociative reactions are unique to specific traumatic conditions. In contrast to current opinion, some dissociative reactions during trauma do not seem defensive but result from perceptual focus on the traumatic threat.