Who Was Chief Paulina? Restoration History and the Reconstruction of Paulina's Identity in Popular Memory
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Chief Paulina was a war chief and a Northern Paiute of the Hunipuitoka band. His life, specifically beginning at the time of the creation of the Warm Springs Reservation in 1855 and ending around the time of his death in 1867, was full of conflicts. Dominant culture during his life and now secondary literature as well as public imagination have cast Chief Paulina as the stereotypical "ignoble savage." He has been demonized and distorted into a bullet-proof, blood thirsty, violent war leader who cared for little but the thrill of raiding.