Approximate Diagonalization of Homomorphisms
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In this dissertation, we explore the approximate diagonalization of unital homomorphisms between C*-algebras. In particular, we prove that unital homomorphisms from commutative C*-algebras into simple separable unital C*-algebras with tracial rank at most one are approximately diagonalizable. This is equivalent to the approximate diagonalization of commuting sets of normal matrices. We also prove limited generalizations of this theorem. Namely, certain injective unital homomorphisms from commutative C*-algebras into simple separable unital C*-algebras with rational tracial rank at most one are shown to be approximately diagonalizable. Also unital injective homomorphisms from AH-algebras with unique tracial state into separable simple unital C*-algebras of tracial rank at most one are proved to be approximately diagonalizable. Counterexamples are provided showing that these results cannot be extended in general. Finally, we prove that for unital homomorphisms between AF-algebras, approximate diagonalization is equivalent to a combinatorial problem involving sections of lattice points in cones.