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dc.contributor.authorArrow, Holly
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, Joseph E.
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-09T00:49:39Z
dc.date.available2015-12-09T00:49:39Z
dc.date.issued1993-08-03
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1794/19464
dc.description14 pagesen_US
dc.description.abstractA framework for integrating diverse aspects of membership dynamics is outlined, and 10 propositions about membership change and its impact on group structure, process, and performance are presented. Data from a longitudinal study of 22 small (3- to 5-person) groups are used to test some of the propositions. Groups that had an experimentally imposed temporary member (a "guest") and groups with spontaneous membership changes, such as absences, performed better on a task requiring reflection about the group's internal processes than did groups with a stable membership. No such effect was found for performance on other types of tasks. Some evidence was found for higher cohesiveness among groups with changing attendance compared to groups with greater week-to-week stability. However, groups with a history of member change felt less positive about their groups when a guest replaced a regular member than did more stable groups. Groups with guests reported spending more time on task and less time dealing with conflict than did groups with no guests. Similar effects were found for groups meeting face-to-face and via computers. Implications for work groups and other types of small groups are discussed.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherSAGE Publicationsen_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0-USen_US
dc.subjectMembership Changeen_US
dc.subjectMembers affect small group structureen_US
dc.subjectMembers affect small group processen_US
dc.subjectMembers affect small group performanceen_US
dc.subjectContinuity affects small group structureen_US
dc.subjectContinuity affects small group processen_US
dc.subjectContinuity affects small group performanceen_US
dc.titleMembership Matters: How Members Change and Continuity Affect Small Group Structure, Process, and Performanceen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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