A Guide to Advocacy in Transportation Projects: Two Case Studies
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This paper serves as a guide to citizens who want to get involved in transportation funding decisions in California and Oregon. First, the transportation funding process is described. Second, public participation is explored as a concept and spectrum of practice. This paper reviews the federal requirements of states and metropolitan planning organizations. Then it discusses laws, such as the National Environmental Policy Act, that can be used to challenge federal funding decisions. Next, a case study for Oregon and California is performed to describe their unique funding strategies and public participation opportunities. The case studies cover the strongest state laws advocates can use for certain causes. For example, Oregon’s land use laws and California’s greenhouse gas emissions reductions laws shape many transportation decisions. Finally, the paper reviews a court case in each state where land use law (Oregon) or GHG emission reduction targets (California) were successfully used to change the outcome of transportation decisions.