Now showing items 1-20 of 180

    • Accident probabilities and seat belt usage: A psychological perspective 

      Slovic, Paul; Fischhoff, Baruch; Lichtenstein, Sarah (Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1978)
      Motorists' reluctance to wear seat belts is examined in light of research showing (a) that protective behavior is influenced more by the probability of a hazard than by the magnitude of its consequences and (b) that people ...
    • The Affect Heuristic In Early Judgments of Product Innovations 

      King, Jesse; Slovic, Paul (Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 2014)
      According to the affect heuristic, people often rely upon their overall affective impression of a target to form judgments of risk. However, innovation research has largely characterized risk perception as a function of ...
    • Affect, risk perception and future optimism after the tsunami disaster 

      Vastfjall, Daniel; Peters, Ellen; Slovic, Paul (Society for Judgment and Decision Making, 2008-01)
      Environmental events such as natural disasters may influence the public’s affective reactions and decisions. Shortly after the 2004 Tsunami disaster we assessed how affect elicited by thinking about this disaster influenced ...
    • Affect, Risk, and Decision Making 

      Slovic, Paul; Peters, Ellen; Finucane, Melissa; MacGregor, Donald G. (2005)
      Risk is perceived and acted on in 2 fundamental ways. Risk as feelings refers to individuals' fast, instinctive, and intuitive reactions to danger. Risk as analysis brings logic, reason, and scientific deliberation to bear ...
    • Affect, Values, and Nanotechnology Risk Perceptions: An Experimental Investigation 

      Kahan, Dan; Slovic, Paul; Braman, Donald; Gastil, John; Cohen, Geoffrey (Yale Law School, 2007-03)
      Despite knowing little about nanotechnology (so to speak), members of the public readily form opinions on whether its potential risks outweigh its potential benefits. On what basis are they forming their judgments? How ...
    • Affective reactions and context-dependent processing of negations 

      Rubaltelli, Enrico; Slovic, Paul (Society for Judgment and Decision Making, 2008-12)
      Three experiments demonstrate how the processing of negations is contingent on the evaluation context in which the negative information is presented. In addition, the strategy used to process the negations induced different ...
    • Age-related differences in adaptive decision making: Sensitivity to expected value in risky choice 

      Levin, Irwin; Weller, Joshua; Pederson, Ashley; Harshman, Lyndsay (Society for Judgment and Decision Making, 2007-08)
      While previous research has found that children make more risky decisions than their parents, little is known about the developmental trajectory for the ability to make advantageous decisions. In a sample of children, 5–11 ...

      Leiserowitz, Anthony; Craciun, Jean (Decision Research, 2006)
    • Analyzing the expert judge: A descriptive study of a stockbroker's decision processes 

      Slovic, Paul (Journal of Applied Psychology, 1969)
      This study illustrates an analysis-of-variance technique for describing the use of information by persons making complex judgments. Ss were two stockbrokers who rated the growth potential of stocks on the basis of 11 ...
    • Analyzing the use of information in investment decision making: A methodological proposal 

      Slovic, Paul; Bauman, W. Scott; Fleissner, Dan (1972)
    • The Arithmetic of Emotion: Integration of Incidental and Integral Affect in Judgments and Decisions 

      Vastfjall, Daniel; Slovic, Paul; Burns, William J.; Erlandsson, Arvid; Koppel, Lina; Asutay, Erkin; Tinghog, Gustav (Frontiers Media, 2016-03-08)
      Research has demonstrated that two types of affect have an influence on judgment and decision making: incidental affect (affect unrelated to a judgment or decision such as a mood) and integral affect (affect that is part ...
    • Attentional mechanisms in the generation of sympathy 

      Dickert, Stephan; Slovic, Paul (Society for Judgment and Decision Making, 2009-06)
      Empathic responses, such as sympathy towards others,are a key ingredient in the decision to provide help to those in need. The determinants of empathic responses are usually thought to be the vividness, similarity, and ...
    • Attitudes and Perceptions Associated with Osteoporosis and Its Treatments 

      Satterfield, Theresa; Johnson, Stephen; Neil, Nancy; Slovic, Paul (Decision Research, 1997-08)
    • Behavioral decision theory 

      Slovic, Paul; Lichtenstein, Sarah; Fischhoff, Baruch (1977)
    • Behavioral decision theory perspectives on protective behavior 

      Slovic, Paul; Fischhoff, Baruch; Lichtenstein, Sarah (Cambridge University, 1987)
    • Beyond Information: Exploring Patients’ Preferences 

      Epstein, Ronald; Peters, Ellen (American Medical Association, 2009)
      The Institute of Medicine considers patient-centered care (“care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs and values” 1(p6)) to be a foundation of high-quality health care, along ...
    • Can word associations and affect be used as indicators of differentiation and consolidation in decision making? 

      Svenson, Ola; Slovic, Paul (Decision Research, 2002-02)
      Two studies investigated how free associations to decision alternatives could be used to describe decision processes. Choices between San Francisco and San Diego as a vacation city were investigated in the first study ...
    • Categorical Confidence 

      Fischhoff, Baruch; MacGregor, Donald; Lichtenstein, Sarah (Decision Research, 1983-04)
      People tend to be inadequately sensitive to the extent of their own knowledge. This insensitivity typically emerges as overconfidence. That is, people's assessments of the probability of having answered questions ...
    • The causes of preference reversal 

      Tversky, Amos; Slovic, Paul; Kahneman, Daniel (American Economic Association, 1990)
      Observed preference reversal (PR) cannot be adequately explained by violations of independence, the reduction axiom, or transitivity. The primary cause of PR is the failure of procedure invariance, especially the overpricing ...
    • Characterizing perception of ecological risk 

      McDaniels, Timothy; Axelrod, Lawrence J.; Slovic, Paul (1995)
      Relatively little attention has been paid to the role of human perception and judgment in ecological risk management. This paper attempts to characterize perceived ecological risk, using the psychometric paradigm developed ...