Now showing items 1-6 of 6

    • Adult trauma and adult symptoms: Does childhood trauma drive the relationship? 

      Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2006-11)
      We used structural modeling to examine observed relationships between childhood trauma, adult trauma, and adult dissociation and mental health. We propose a model in which childhood betrayal trauma predicts adult betrayal ...
    • Are All Traumatic Events Equal? Further Research Using the BBTS 

      Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Goldberg, Lewis R. (Lewis Robert), 1932- (2005-11)
      The Brief Betrayal Trauma Survey (BBTS; Goldberg & Freyd, 2004) assesses potentially traumatic childhood and adulthood experiences, which can be categorized as high in betrayal (HB) or low in betrayal (LB) depending on ...
    • Exploring the Potential of Pennebaker’s Writing Paradigm on Betrayal Trauma Sequelae 

      Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Momiyama, Takenori (2004-08)
      In Pennebaker's writing paradigm, participants are instructed either to write about emotional events or neutral topics. Those assigned to the emotional writing condition typically display physical and psychological health ...
    • Lack of precision, misleading implications, and ethical issues arising from the use of the label "false memory" for errors in word memory 

      DePrince, Anne P.; Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Oh, Hannah; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      Since 1995, psychologists have increasingly used the term "false memory" to describe memory errors for details (e.g., errors for words learned in a list); such errors in details were once referred to by other terms, such ...
    • Physical Health, Psychological Distress, and Betrayal Trauma 

      Freyd, Jennifer J.; Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968- (2004-08)
      Numerous studies have revealed an association between trauma and adverse physical and mental health status. While the relation is well established, the mechanisms underlying this link are less well understood. In the current ...
    • Writing About Betrayal Trauma: Examining Gender and Narrative Structure 

      Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      In Pennebaker's writing paradigm, participants are instructed either to write about emotional events or neutral topics. Those assigned to the emotional writing condition typically display physical and psychological health ...