Now showing items 59-78 of 159

    • Fix your attitude: Labor-market consequences of poor attitude and low self-esteem in youth 

      Waddell, Glen R. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2003-09)
      Using longitudinal data on a cohort of high-school graduates, I show that individuals who reveal poor attitudes and low self-esteem as high-school students attain fewer years of post-secondary education relative to their ...
    • Fixed Costs, Foreign Direct Investment, and Gravity with Zeros 

      Davies, Ronald B.; Kristjánsdóttir, Helga (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2006-06)
      Fixed costs play a crucial role in current models of foreign direct investment (FDI), yet they are almost entirely ignored in empirical treatments of FDI. We fill this gap by using a 1989-2001 panel of FDI flows into ...
    • For Whom the Pell Tolls: Market Power, Tuition Discrimination, and the Bennett Hypothesis 

      Singell, Larry D. Jr.; Stone, Joe A. (Joe Allan), 1948- (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2003-04-10)
      Are federal Pell grants "appropriated" by universities through increases in tuition - consistent with what is known as the Bennett hypothesis? Based on a panel of 71 universities from 1983 to 1996, we find little evidence ...
    • The Formation of Communication Networks in Cooperative Games 

      Nouweland, Anne van den (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2004-01)
      I survey the literature on network formation in situations where the possible gains from cooperation of coalitions of agents are modeled by a coalitional game. I discuss the models that appear in the literature and their ...
    • A fourth ‘I’ of poverty ? 

      Esposito, Lucio; Lambert, Peter J. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2007-02-02)
      Current poverty measurement methodology does not allow a definitive analysis of changes in distribution, through time or between countries, which involve changes in the number or proportion of poor people. By reopening some ...
    • Fragmentation of Headquarter Services and FDI 

      Davies, Ronald B. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2003-09)
      I develop a simple model in which production of skill-intensive headquarter services are fragmented across borders in order to take advantage of complementarities between types of skilled labor. This setting indicates that ...
    • Friedman's Money Supply Rule versus Optimal Interest Rate Policy 

      Evans, George W., 1949-; Honkapohja, Seppo, 1951- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2003-07-12)
      Using New Keynesian models, we compare Friedman's k-percent money supply rule to optimal interest rate setting, with respect to determinacy, stability under learning and optimality. First we review the recent literature: ...
    • Generalized Stochastic Gradient Learning 

      Evans, George W., 1949-; Honkapohja, Seppo, 1951- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2005-09-19)
      We study the properties of generalized stochastic gradient (GSG) learning in forwardlooking models. We examine how the conditions for stability of standard stochastic gradient (SG) learning both differ from and are related ...
    • The Gini Coefficient Reveals More 

      Lambert, Peter J.; Decoster, Andre (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2004-12-02)
      We revisit the well-known decomposition of the Gini coefficient into between-groups, within-groups and overlap terms in the context of two groups in which the incomes in one group may be scaled and that group’s population ...
    • Gradualism in Tax Treaties with Irreversible Foreign Direct Investment 

      Chisik, Richard; Davies, Ronald B. (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2000-06-01)
      Bilateral international tax treaties govern the host country taxation for the vast majority of the world’s foreign direct investment (FDI). Of particular interest is the fact that the tax rates used under these treaties ...
    • ‘Guns and Butter’ in U.S. Presidential Elections 

      Haynes, Stephen E., 1945-; Stone, Joe A. (Joe Allan), 1948- (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2004-09-20)
      Previous models of the popular vote in U.S. Presidential elections emphasize economic growth and price stability, the role of parties and incumbency, and pre-election expectations for the future. Despite the closeness of ...
    • Home Care Reimbursement, Long-term Care Utilization, And Health Outcomes 

      McKnight, Robin (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2004-03)
      Long-term care currently comprises almost 10% of national health expenditures and is projected to rise rapidly over coming decades. A key, and relatively poorly understood, element of long-term care is home health care. I ...
    • Hope for the Pell? The Impact of Merit-Aid on Needy Students 

      Singell, Larry D. Jr.; Waddell, Glen R.; Curs, Bradley R., 1977- (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2004-02)
      Prior empirical evidence finds that merit-aid programs such as the Georgia Hope Scholarship yield large and significant enrollment effects, whereas need-based aid programs such as the Pell Grant yield modest and often ...
    • Hunting High and Low for Vertical FDI 

      Davies, Ronald B. (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2002-08-01)
      Recently the two dominant models of foreign direct investment (FDI), the horizontal and vertical models, have been synthesized into the knowledge capital (KK) model. Empirical tests, however, have found that the horizontal ...
    • Immigration, FDI, and International Trade 

      Kim, Chong-Uk (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2006-04)
      This paper examines the interactions among immigrants, inbound FDI, and imports in the U.S. In testing the patterns of international movements of factors of production, most existing analyses have omitted the role of ...
    • Impact of Transitory Income on Birth Weights: Evidence from a Blackout in Zanzibar 

      Burlando, Alfredo (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2010-11-02)
      Do transitory income shocks affect infant health? I find evidence that birth weights fell following a temporary income reduction caused by an unexpected, month-long blackout in Zanzibar. Relying on 350 household surveys ...
    • Implementing Optimal Monetary Policy in New-Keynesian Models with Inertia 

      Evans, George W., 1949-; McGough, Bruce (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2006-06-03)
      We consider optimal monetary policy in New Keynesian models with inertia. First order conditions, which we call the MJB-alternative, are found to improve upon the timeless perspective. The MJB-alternative is shown to be ...
    • Indeterminacy and the Stability Puzzle in Non-Convex Economies 

      Evans, George W., 1949-; McGough, Bruce (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2002-07-25)
      We extend common factor analysis to a multi-dimensional setting by considering a bivariate reduced form consistent with many Real Business Cycle type models. We show how to obtain new representations of sunspots and find ...
    • Individual Option Prices for Climate Change Mitigation 

      Cameron, Trudy Ann (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2002-07-20)
      Willingness to pay for climate change mitigation depends on people's perceptions about just how bad things will get if nothing is done. Individual subjective distributions for future climate conditions are combined with ...
    • Industrial groupings and foreign direct investment 

      Blonigen, Bruce A. (Bruce Aloysius); Ellis, Christopher J.; Fausten, Dietrich (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2003-03)
      We explore worldwide foreign direct investment location decisions by Japanese manufacturing firms from 1985 through 1991. Our conditional logit estimates provide evidence that firms’ location decisions are affected by ...