Now showing items 113-132 of 159

    • Race Differences in Cohort Effects on Nonmarital Fertility in the United States 

      Stone, Joe A. (Joe Allan), 1948-; Gray, Jo Anna; Stockard, Jean; O'Brien, Robert (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2008-01)
      We employ newly developed methods to disentangle age, period and cohort effects on nonmarital fertility ratios (NFRs) from 1972 to 2002 for black and white women aged 20-44 in the United States. We focus on three cohort ...
    • Ranking State Fiscal Structures using Theory and Evidence 

      Bania, Neil; Stone, Joe A. (Joe Allan), 1948- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2007-06)
      This paper offers unique rankings of the extent to which fiscal structures of U.S. states contribute to economic growth. The rankings are novel in two key respects: they are well grounded in established growth theory, ...
    • Redistribution, horizontal inequity and reranking: how to measure them properly 

      Urban, Ivica; Lambert, Peter J. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2005-07-01)
      The decomposition of the redistributive effect of an income tax into vertical, horizontal and reranking contributions according to the model of Aronson, Johnson and Lambert (1994), henceforth AJL, is revisited. When close ...
    • Redistributive Effect of U.S. Taxes and Public Transfers, 1994-2004 

      Lambert, Peter J.; Kim, Kinam, 1970- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2007-02-06)
      In this study we derive measures of the redistributive effect of taxes and welfare expenditures for the U.S. using CPS data for the years 1994, 1999 and 2004. We find that whilst income inequality increased, the redistributive ...
    • Representations and Sunspot Stability 

      Evans, George W., 1949-; McGough, Bruce (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2007-01-01)
      By endowing his agents with simple forecasting models, or representations, Woodford (1990) found that finite state Markov sunspot equilibria may be stable under learning. We show that common factor representations ...
    • Revisiting the Evidence on Trade Policy Preferences 

      Blonigen, Bruce A. (Bruce Aloysius) (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2010-11)
      Past literature has found evidence that labor market attributes affect individuals’ trade policy preferences in a manner consistent with theories of international trade. This paper shows that, with the exception of ...
    • Ricardian Equivalence for Sub-national States 

      Gray, Jo Anna; Stone, Joe A. (Joe Allan), 1948- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2005-12-12)
      The authors test Ricardian equivalence within an endogenous growth model for U.S. states, which have high rates of migration relative to most countries. Results are consistent with both Ricardian equivalence and endogenous ...
    • The rising share of nonmarital births: A response to Ermisch, Martin, and Wu 

      Stone, Joe A. (Joe Allan), 1948-; Stockard, Jean; Gray, Jo Anna (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2008-09)
      In a 2006 article in Demography, Jo Anna Gray, Jean Stockard and Joe Stone (GSSi)observe that among black women and white women ages 20 to 39, birth rates increased sharply for unmarried women over the period 1974 to ...
    • The rising share of nonmarital births: A response to Ermisch, Martin, and Wu 

      Gray, Jo Anna; Stockard, Jean; Stone, Joe A. (Joe Allan), 1948- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2008-09)
    • The Rising Share of Nonmarital Births: Fertility Choices or Marriage Behavior? 

      Gray, Jo Anna; Stockard, Jean; Stone, Joe A. (Joe Allan), 1948- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2004-11-01)
      Much of the sharp rise in the share of nonmarital births in the United States has been attributed to changes in the fertility choices of unmarried and married women - in response, it is often argued, to various public ...
    • Rock-Paper-Scissors; A New and Elegant Proof 

      Nouweland, Anne van den (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2007-09-12)
      I provide an elegant proof identifying the unique mixed Nash equilibrium of the Rock-Paper-Scissors game. The proof is based on intuition rather than elimination of cases. It shows that for any mixed strategy other than ...
    • Scenario Adjustment in Stated Preference Research 

      Cameron, Trudy Ann; DeShazo, J. R.; Johnson, Erica H. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2009-11-22)
      Stated preference (SP) survey methods have been used increasingly to assess willingness to pay for a wide variety of non-market goods and services, including reductions in risks to life and health. Poorly designed SP ...
    • Self-Protection: Antidumping Duties, Collusion and FDI 

      Davies, Ronald B.; Liebman, Benjamin H., 1971- (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2003-11)
      It is well established that the threat of antidumping duties can help sustain collusion between a foreign firm and its domestic counterpart. However, when the foreign firm is a multinational, its subsidiary will fight ...
    • Self-Protection: Fragmentation of Headquarter Services and FDI 

      Davies, Ronald B. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2003-11)
      I develop a simple model in which production of skill-intensive headquarter services are fragmented across borders in order to take advantage of complementarities between types of skilled labor. This setting indicates that ...
    • Sequential procedures for poverty gap dominance 

      Zoli, Claudio; Lambert, Peter J. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2005-01-01)
      Poverty evaluations differ from welfare evaluations in one significant aspect, the existence of a threshold or reference point, the poverty line. It is therefore possible to build up normative evaluation models in which ...
    • The Shapley valuation function for strategic games in which players cooperate 

      Carpente, Luisa; Casas-Mendez, Balbina; García-Jurado, I. (Ignacio); Nouweland, Anne van den (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2004-02-19)
      In this note we use the Shapley value to define a valuation function. A valuation function associates with every non-empty coalition of players in a strategic game a vector of payoffs for the members of the coalition that ...
    • A Simple Recursive Forecasting Model 

      Branch, William A.; Evans, George W., 1949- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2005-02-01)
      We compare the performance of alternative recursive forecasting models. A simple constant gain algorithm, used widely in the learning literature, both forecasts well out of sample and also provides the best fit to the ...
    • Stable Finite-State Markov Sunspots 

      Evans, George W., 1949-; McGough, Bruce (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2006-10-09)
      We consider a linear univariate rational expectations model, with a predetermined variable, and study existence and stability of solutions driven by an extraneous finite-state Markov process. We show that when the model ...
    • Stable Noisy K-state Markov Sunspots 

      Evans, George W., 1949-; McGough, Bruce (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2002-07-18)
      We consider a linear stochastic univariate rational expectations model, with a predetermined variable, and consider solutions driven by an extraneous finite state Markov process as well as by the fundamental noise. We ...
    • Stable Sunspot Equilibira in a Cash-in-Advance Economy 

      Evans, George W., 1949-; Honkapohja, Seppo, 1951-; Marimon, Ramon, 1953- (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2002-10-25)
      We develop a monetary model with flexible supply of labor, cash in advance constraints and government spending financed by seignorage. This model has two regimes. One regime is conventional with two steady states. The other ...