Now showing items 1-20 of 38

    • Abuse Awareness: Physical and Psychological Health Consequences 

      Goldsmith, R.E.; Freyd, Jennifer J.; DePrince, Anne P. (2006-11)
      Despite established links between child abuse and psychological symptoms such as depression, dissociation, and anxiety, many abuse survivors experience awareness of specific abuse instances or abuse-related symptoms without ...
    • Adult trauma and adult symptoms: Does childhood trauma drive the relationship? 

      Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2006-11)
      We used structural modeling to examine observed relationships between childhood trauma, adult trauma, and adult dissociation and mental health. We propose a model in which childhood betrayal trauma predicts adult betrayal ...
    • Ancestral War and the Evolutionary Origins of "Heroism" 

      Smirnov, Oleg; Arrow, Holly; Kennett, Douglas; Orbell, John (University of Chicago Press, 2007-11)
      Primatological and archeological evidence along with anthropological accounts of hunter-gatherer societies indicate that lethal between-group violence may have been sufficiently frequent during our ancestral past to have ...
    • Are All Traumatic Events Equal? Further Research Using the BBTS 

      Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Goldberg, Lewis R. (Lewis Robert), 1932- (2005-11)
      The Brief Betrayal Trauma Survey (BBTS; Goldberg & Freyd, 2004) assesses potentially traumatic childhood and adulthood experiences, which can be categorized as high in betrayal (HB) or low in betrayal (LB) depending on ...
    • Believability Bias in Judging Memories for Abuse 

      Cromer, Lisa D.; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      Participants (N=337) were presented with four vignettes in which an adult confided to a friend about being sexually or physically abused at age 9 by either a stranger or father. The memory was presented as either continuous ...
    • Betrayal Trauma, Acculturation and Historical Grief Among Native Americans 

      Gray, Mary E.; Cromer, Lisa D.; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2005-11)
      Since European contact, Native Americans have experienced loss of life, land, and culture causing intergenerational trauma and unresolved grief (Yellow Horse Brave Heart & DeBruyn, 1998). Not surprisingly, identification ...
    • Child Abuse: Betrayal and Disclosure 

      Foynes, M. Ming; Freyd, Jennifer J.; DePrince, Anne P. (2006-11)
      The present study examined the association between perpetrator relationship and disclosure latency (DL) for physical and emotional abuse using a survey methodology with a sample of 202 undergraduate participants. Based on ...
    • Child Sex Abuse Perpetrators Among Male University Students 

      Becker-Blease, Kathryn; Friend, Daniel; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2006-11)
      Previous studies indicate that approximately 21% of undergraduate men report attraction to “little children”, 4 – 9 % report having fantasies about sex with a child, and 5 – 6% report masturbating to these fantasies. ...
    • Dissociation and Memory for Neutral and Traumatic Stories 

      Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Freyd, Jennifer J. (2005-11)
      Previous research has consistently found a positive correlation between history of trauma and dissociation, and recent research (DePrince and Freyd, 1999; 2004) suggests that people who score high on a measure of dissociation ...
    • Dissociative tendencies, attention, and memory 

      DePrince, Anne P.; Freyd, Jennifer J. (Blackwell, 1999)
      Two groups of college students were selected on the basis of their scores on the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES). The high-DES group and low-DES group both completed the standard and a new dual-task version of the ...
    • The Effect of Feeling Stereotyped on Social Power and Inhibition 

      Cook, Jonathan E.; Arrow, Holly; Malle, Bertram F. (SAGE Publications, 2011)
      An experience sampling study examined the degree to which feeling stereotyped predicts feelings of low power and inhibition among stigmatized and nonstigmatized individuals. For 7 days, participants with a concealable (gay ...
    • Evolutionary Perspectives on Religion: An Overview and Synthesis 

      Smith, Zachary; Arrow, Holly (Journal of the Evolutionary Studies Consortium, 2010)
      Religion is a cultural universal that has puzzled evolutionists since Darwin. The moral, social, emotional, and explanatory components that make up complex religious systems offer both evolutionary benefits and costs. ...
    • Examining Dissociation in Maltreated Preschool Children 

      Cholankeril, Annmarie; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Pears, K.C.; Becker-Blease, Kathryn; Fisher, P.A. (2006-11)
      The purpose of this study is to examine dissociation in a population of preschool-age foster children with documented cases of maltreatment. Data were collected from participants in the Early Intervention Foster Care program ...
    • Exploring the Potential of Pennebaker’s Writing Paradigm on Betrayal Trauma Sequelae 

      Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Momiyama, Takenori (2004-08)
      In Pennebaker's writing paradigm, participants are instructed either to write about emotional events or neutral topics. Those assigned to the emotional writing condition typically display physical and psychological health ...
    • Forgetting traumatic stimuli 

      DePrince, Anne P.; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-02-20)
      Previous work reported in this journal (DePrince & Freyd, 1999) suggested that the cognitive capacities of high dissociators are impaired under conditions of focused (selective) attention, but not under conditions of divided ...
    • Global Coding of Trauma Essays Predicts Health 

      Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      Past research has demonstrated in a variety of contexts that writing about emotional topics can benefit physical health and general well being. Most of this prior research has used a computer program, but not global essay ...
    • Health Effects by Closeness of Sexual Abuse Perpetrator: A Test of Betrayal Trauma Theory 

      Edwards, Valerie J.; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Dube, Shanta R.; Anda, Robert F.; Felitti, Vincent J. (2006-11)
      Betrayal trauma theory (Freyd, 1999) postulates that abuse perpetrated by a caregiver or someone close to you results in worse outcomes than abuse perpetrated by someone less central to your well-being. We used data from ...
    • In the wake of terrorist attack hatred may mask fear 

      Freyd, Jennifer J. (Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 2001-09)
      Reactions of anger, rage, and hatred in the wake of September 11 terrorist attack are considered in light of the psychology of emotion and stress. Acknowledging underlying grief and fear through self-reflection, writing, ...
    • Lack of precision, misleading implications, and ethical issues arising from the use of the label "false memory" for errors in word memory 

      DePrince, Anne P.; Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Oh, Hannah; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      Since 1995, psychologists have increasingly used the term "false memory" to describe memory errors for details (e.g., errors for words learned in a list); such errors in details were once referred to by other terms, such ...