Journal of Environmental Law & Litigation : Vol. 22, No. 1, p. 153-196 : The Pacific Salmon Treaty: A Historical Prescription for the Future
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While the Pacific Salmon Treaty was reauthorized in 1999 (1999 Agreement), management of Pacific salmon under the Treaty has remained contentious and many salmon populations have continued to decrease in abundance. Moreover, the longterm fishing arrangements originally established under the 1999 Agreement are nearing expiration.10 As such, this Note seeks to inform future negotiations on Pacific salmon management through an analysis of past failures and successes, and the identification of possible solutions to foreseeable challenges. Part I summarizes the historical developments in Pacific salmon management and international agreements leading up to the 1985 Treaty. Part II identifies many of the threats to Pacific salmon. Part III analyzes the circumstances surrounding the 1985 Treaty’s signing, as well as its collapse. Part IV discusses the reauthorization of the 1999 Agreement. Finally, part V highlights the current challenges facing Pacific salmon management and outlines possible solutions to the ongoing disputes over salmon in the Pacific Northwest.