Now showing items 3-22 of 683

    • Abstinence from Child Labor and Profit Seeking 

      Davies, Ronald B. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2000-07-01)
      Some firms voluntarily abstain from using child labor, presumably in response to concerns about the welfare of overseas child workers. These firms do not, however, support banning the imports of competitors’ products ...
    • Abu Golgotha 

      Long, Robert Hill (Winning Writers, 2006-11)
      a poem about torture in Iraq + US citizen complicity.
    • Abuse Awareness: Physical and Psychological Health Consequences 

      Goldsmith, R.E.; Freyd, Jennifer J.; DePrince, Anne P. (2006-11)
      Despite established links between child abuse and psychological symptoms such as depression, dissociation, and anxiety, many abuse survivors experience awareness of specific abuse instances or abuse-related symptoms without ...
    • Accident probabilities and seat belt usage: A psychological perspective 

      Slovic, Paul; Fischhoff, Baruch; Lichtenstein, Sarah (Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1978)
      Motorists' reluctance to wear seat belts is examined in light of research showing (a) that protective behavior is influenced more by the probability of a hazard than by the magnitude of its consequences and (b) that people ...
    • Adaptive Expectations, Underparameterization and the Lucas Critique 

      Evans, George W., 1949-; Ramey, Garey (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2001-11-29)
      A striking implication of the replacement of adaptive expectations by Rational Expectations was the "Lucas Critique," which showed that expectation parameters, and endogenous variable dynamics, depend on policy parameters. ...
    • Adaptive Learning and Monetary Policy Design 

      Evans, George W., 1949-; Honkapohja, Seppo, 1951- (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2002-11-08)
      We review the recent work on interest rate setting, which emphasizes the desirability of designing policy to ensure stability under private agent learning. Appropriately designed expectations based rules can yield optimal ...
    • Adaptive Learning with a Unit Root: An Application to the Current Account 

      Davies, Ronald B.; Shea, Paul, 1977- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2006-07-31)
      This paper develops a simple two-country, two-good model of international trade and borrowing that suppresses all previous sources of current account dynamics. Under rational expectations, international debt follows a ...
    • Adaptive Learning, Endogenous Inattention, and Changes in Monetary Policy 

      Branch, William A.; Evans, George W., 1949-; Carlson, John; McGough, Bruce (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2006-06-22)
      This paper develops an adaptive learning formulation of an extension to the Ball, Mankiw and Reis (2005) sticky information model that incorporates endogenous inattention. We show that, following an exogenous increase in ...
    • ADHD Symptomatology and Teachers’ Perceptions of Maltreatment Effects 

      Martin, C. Gamache; Cromer, Lisa D.; Filgas-Heck, Regan (2005-11)
      Stimulant medication sales increased 500 percent between 1991 and 1999 (U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency, 2000). The American Academy of Pediatrics has called the increase in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ...
    • Adolescence, Advertising, and the Ideology of Menstruation 

      Merskin, Debra (Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1999-06)
      Since the 1920s, American advertisers have recognized the taboo associated with menstruation and have incorporated messages about the social consequences of "showing" into feminine hygiene advertising. In order to answer ...
    • Adult trauma and adult symptoms: Does childhood trauma drive the relationship? 

      Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2006-11)
      We used structural modeling to examine observed relationships between childhood trauma, adult trauma, and adult dissociation and mental health. We propose a model in which childhood betrayal trauma predicts adult betrayal ...
    • The Affect Heuristic In Early Judgments of Product Innovations 

      King, Jesse; Slovic, Paul (Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 2014)
      According to the affect heuristic, people often rely upon their overall affective impression of a target to form judgments of risk. However, innovation research has largely characterized risk perception as a function of ...
    • Affect, risk perception and future optimism after the tsunami disaster 

      Vastfjall, Daniel; Peters, Ellen; Slovic, Paul (Society for Judgment and Decision Making, 2008-01)
      Environmental events such as natural disasters may influence the public’s affective reactions and decisions. Shortly after the 2004 Tsunami disaster we assessed how affect elicited by thinking about this disaster influenced ...
    • Affect, Risk, and Decision Making 

      Slovic, Paul; Peters, Ellen; Finucane, Melissa; MacGregor, Donald G. (2005)
      Risk is perceived and acted on in 2 fundamental ways. Risk as feelings refers to individuals' fast, instinctive, and intuitive reactions to danger. Risk as analysis brings logic, reason, and scientific deliberation to bear ...
    • Affect, Values, and Nanotechnology Risk Perceptions: An Experimental Investigation 

      Kahan, Dan; Slovic, Paul; Braman, Donald; Gastil, John; Cohen, Geoffrey (Yale Law School, 2007-03)
      Despite knowing little about nanotechnology (so to speak), members of the public readily form opinions on whether its potential risks outweigh its potential benefits. On what basis are they forming their judgments? How ...
    • Affective reactions and context-dependent processing of negations 

      Rubaltelli, Enrico; Slovic, Paul (Society for Judgment and Decision Making, 2008-12)
      Three experiments demonstrate how the processing of negations is contingent on the evaluation context in which the negative information is presented. In addition, the strategy used to process the negations induced different ...
    • After the New Rhetoric [Review Essay] 

      Frank, David A. (Taylor and Francis, 2003)
    • Alterity and Transcendence: Notes on Ethics, Literature and Testimony 

      Lollini, Massimo, 1954- (Oregon Humanities Center, 2002)
      In the first part of my essay I make some brief remarks on otherness and alterity as fundamental categories of an ethical discourse and on transcendence as a philosophical category related to a testimonial discourse. ...
    • Alternative Thinking about Starting Points of Obesity: Development of Child Taste Preferences 

      Cornwell, T. Bettina; McAlister, Anna R. (Elsevier, 2011-01)
      Food marketers are at the epicenter of criticism for the unfolding obesity epidemic as societies consider banning advertising to children and taxing “junk” foods. While marketing’s role in obesity is not well understood, ...
    • Analyzing the expert judge: A descriptive study of a stockbroker's decision processes 

      Slovic, Paul (Journal of Applied Psychology, 1969)
      This study illustrates an analysis-of-variance technique for describing the use of information by persons making complex judgments. Ss were two stockbrokers who rated the growth potential of stocks on the basis of 11 ...