Child Labor in Asia: Challenges and Responses of the International Labour Organization in Thailand and India
Okusa, Maki, 1976-
Child labor is an important global concern. Among 317 million children who are engaged in any type of labor around the world, Asia harbors the largest number of child workers. The International Labour Organization (ILO) has focused on and worked toward the global elimination of child labor, especially its worst forms. Child labor is a complex problem which needs comprehensive approaches in policy implication, education and economic development. The ILO has worked closely with governments to establish and revise policies related to child labor and to implement child labor programs. This study addresses current child labor trends in Asia and the challenges and responses ofthe ILO through analyzing its operations in Thailand and India. It examines various steps to eliminate child labor taken by the ILO and other organizations and suggests ways the ILO could be more effective in its efforts to eliminate child labor in Asia.