Neo-realism, Neo-liberalism and East Asia Regionalism: The Case of Vietnam
Pham, Min Van, 1980-
East Asia regionalism emerged in the context of the end of the Cold War, the break-up of the Soviet Union and the outgrowth of regionalism in many parts of the world such as the unprecedented expansion of the European Union and the development of the North American Free Trade Agreement. It has been nearly two decades since its inception and almost every aspect of East Asian regionalism has been explored in depth with the exception of the application of theoretical explanations to East Asia regionalism. This paper is an attempt to apply international relations theories of neo-realism and neoliberalism to East Asia regionalism. The paper has found that both neo-realism and neoliberalism have found evidence in East Asia to support their assumptions about regionalism but neither has given fully appropriate explanations to East Asia regionalism. The case study of Vietnam' s regional cooperation is also supportive of that conclusion. In addition, the case of Vietnam indicates that concrete conditions of each country have played an important role in its incentives and participation into regionalism. The paper invites explanations for East Asia regionalism from other theories in international relations.