Impact of Postexercise Hyperemia on Glucose Regulation in Humans

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Title: Impact of Postexercise Hyperemia on Glucose Regulation in Humans
Author: Pellinger, Thomas Kent, 1970-
Abstract: An acute bout of moderate-intensity dynamic exercise results in a sustained rise in skeletal muscle blood flow from that of pre-exercise levels. This postexercise skeletal muscle hyperemia is mediated by two histamine receptors (subtypes, H 1 and H 2 ). Skeletal muscle glucose uptake is also enhanced, in an insulin-independent manner, following moderate-intensity dynamic exercise. The impact of skeletal muscle hyperemia on glucose regulation following exercise has yet to be examined. Therefore, the purpose of this dissertation was to determine if postexercise skeletal muscle hyperemia plays a substantial role in glucose regulation in humans. In Chapter III I tested my ability to block local H 1 - and H 2 -receptors located in the vastus lateralis muscle in humans. The results demonstrate that I was able to successfully block the increase in local blood flow evoked by compound 48-80 with the combination of the H 1 -receptor antagonist pyrilamine and the H 2 -receptor antagonist cimetidine, administered via skeletal muscle microdialysis. In Chapter IV I sought to determine the effect of local combined H 1 - and H 2 -receptor blockade, administered via skeletal muscle microdialysis, on postexercise interstitial glucose concentrations. My findings indicate postexercise delivery of glucose to the interstitial space of the previously active skeletal muscle is mediated, in part, by local H 1 - and H 2 -receptors. In Chapter V I examined the effect of oral administration of H 1 - and H 2 -receptor antagonists on glucose regulation following a postexercise oral glucose load. The results showed that the glycemic and insulin responses to postexercise oral glucose load were more sustained with H 1 - and H 2 -receptor blockade versus control, suggesting a histaminergic effect on postexercise glucose regulation.
Description: xvii, 168 p. : ill. A print copy of this thesis is available through the UO Libraries. Search the library catalog for the location and call number.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1794/9018
Date: 2008-09


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