Interspecific interactions between the introduced Atlantic crab Rhithropanopeus harrisii and the native estuarine crab Hemigrapsus oregonensis in Coos Bay, Oregon

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Title: Interspecific interactions between the introduced Atlantic crab Rhithropanopeus harrisii and the native estuarine crab Hemigrapsus oregonensis in Coos Bay, Oregon
Author: Jordan, James Robertson, 1965-
Abstract: Rhithropanopeus harrisii is an introduced Atlantic crab in Coos Bay, Oregon. In Coos Bay, it occurs only in the uppermost estuary where salinities are seasonally low (<1 0/00). Rhithropanopeus occurs at higher salinities in its native range, and tolerates higher salinities in the laboratory. A native crab, Hemigrapsus oregoneos1s, occurs in the estuary, but not as far up into the oligohaline and freshwater zones as Rb1tbcopanopeus. In laboratory experiments, adult Hem1grapsus consume juvenile Rhithropanopeus. Hemjgrapsus is significantly more aggressive than Rhithropanopeus. The absence of juvenile Rhithropanopeus at field sites where both species occur suggests that field interactions may be occurring. Taken together, these results and observations suggest that there may be a dynamic zone in the estuary where the distribution of Rhithropanopeus is restricted by Heroigrapsus. Rhithropanopeus may find a refuge from Hemigrapsus in the oligohaline-freshwater Zones of the estuary, such that Hemigrapsus may be exerting selective pressure on the Rhithropanopeus population favoring freshwater adapted individuals.
Description: Typescript. Includes vita and abstract. Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 45-47).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1794/9809
Date: 1989


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