Dissociation : Vol. 3, No. 4, p. 218-221 : Animal alters: case reports

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dc.contributor.author Hendrickson, Kate M.
dc.contributor.author McCarty, Teresita
dc.contributor.author Goodwin, Jean, 1946-
dc.date.accessioned 2005-11-10T21:14:07Z
dc.date.available 2005-11-10T21:14:07Z
dc.date.issued 1990-12
dc.identifier.issn 0896-2863
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1794/1854
dc.description p. 218-221 en
dc.description.abstract Five cases of multiple personality disorder (MPD) are presented which include one or more animal alters of differing complexity. In some cases, the development of the animal alter could be traced to childhood traumata involving (1) being forced to act or live like an animal, (2) witnessing animal mutilation, (3) being forced to engage in or witness bestiality, or (4) experiencing the traumatic loss of or killing of an animal. Clinical clues to the animal alter phenomenon that emerge during therapy are (1) over-identification with an animal, (2) hearing animal calls, (3) excessive fears of animals, (4) excessive involvement with a pet, and (5) cruelty to animals. Therapeutic work with animal alters may be a helpful or necessary preliminary to retrieval of underlying memories about the torture or killing of animals or human beings, and can be essential to the integration of such memories and to self-forgiveness. en
dc.format.extent 402240 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Ridgeview Institute and the International Society for the Study of Multiple Personality and Dissociation en
dc.title Dissociation : Vol. 3, No. 4, p. 218-221 : Animal alters: case reports en
dc.title.alternative Animal alters: case reports en
dc.type Article en


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