THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF A LATE PREHISTORIC VILLAGE IN NORTHWESTERN CALIFORNIA
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The Iron Gate site is a single component village located on the Klamath River is Siskiyou County, California. On the basis of radio-carbon dates occupation is estimated to have been between 1400 A.D. and 1600 A.D. The excavated houses were conical, bark-covered structures differing from the house type recorded in the area in historic time but resembling those recorded further south. Artifacts, particularly projectile points, are similar to those found in northwestern California and Oregon. Stone working traditions appear more closely related to those of the Klamath Lakes and Columbia Plateau regions of Oregon than to those of central California. Analysis indicates patterns of community organization and economy virtually identical to those of the ethnographic period. The site is considered representative of a phase in Shasta culture history even though direct historical connections cannot be established. In terms of cultural affiliations on a larger scale, the culture represented by the Iron Gate site is viewed as transitional between the Columbia Plateau and central California. There is no evidence of close affiliations with the cultures of the northwest California coast.