Recent Submissions

  • A fourth ‘I’ of poverty ? 

    Esposito, Lucio; Lambert, Peter J. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2007-02-02)
    Current poverty measurement methodology does not allow a definitive analysis of changes in distribution, through time or between countries, which involve changes in the number or proportion of poor people. By reopening some ...
  • Redistributive Effect of U.S. Taxes and Public Transfers, 1994-2004 

    Lambert, Peter J.; Kim, Kinam, 1970- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2007-02-06)
    In this study we derive measures of the redistributive effect of taxes and welfare expenditures for the U.S. using CPS data for the years 1994, 1999 and 2004. We find that whilst income inequality increased, the redistributive ...
  • Measuring the Pro-Poorness of Income Growth Within an Elasticity Framework 

    Essama-Nssah, B. (Boniface), 1949-; Lambert, Peter J. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2006-09-22)
    Poverty reduction has become a fundamental objective of development, and therefore a metric for assessing the effectiveness of various interventions. Economic growth can be a powerful instrument of income poverty reduction. ...
  • Taking care of your own: Ethnic and religious heterogeneity and income inequality 

    Dincer, Oguzhan; Lambert, Peter J. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2006)
    Using recently developed indices of fractionalization and polarization, we analyze the direct and indirect effects of ethnic and religious heterogeneity on income inequality and on welfare programs across US states. We ...
  • The Equal Sacrifice Principle Revisited 

    Lambert, Peter J.; Naughton, Helen T. (Helen Tammela), 1976- (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2006-06-01)
    What does an equal sacrifice tax look like in the case of a rank-dependent social welfare function? One's tax liability evidently becomes a function of one's income and one's position in the distribution in such a case, ...
  • Base independence in the analysis of tax policy effects: with an application to Norway 1992–2004 

    Lambert, Peter J.; Thoresen, Thor Olav (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2005-10-27)
    The analysis contrasts results of two recently expounded micro-level data approaches to derive robust intertemporal characterizations of redistributional effects of income tax schedules; the fixed-income procedure of Kasten, ...
  • Redistribution, horizontal inequity and reranking: how to measure them properly 

    Urban, Ivica; Lambert, Peter J. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2005-07-01)
    The decomposition of the redistributive effect of an income tax into vertical, horizontal and reranking contributions according to the model of Aronson, Johnson and Lambert (1994), henceforth AJL, is revisited. When close ...
  • On Bounded Dominance Criteria 

    Ooghe, Erwin; Lambert, Peter J. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2005-04-26)
    A well-known criterion to make heterogeneous welfare comparisons is Atkinson and Bourguignon’s (1987) sequential generalized Lorenz dominance (SGLD) criterion. Recently, Fleurbaey, Hagneré and Trannoy (2003) convincingly ...
  • The Gini Coefficient Reveals More 

    Lambert, Peter J.; Decoster, Andre (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2004-12-02)
    We revisit the well-known decomposition of the Gini coefficient into between-groups, within-groups and overlap terms in the context of two groups in which the incomes in one group may be scaled and that group’s population ...
  • Sequential procedures for poverty gap dominance 

    Zoli, Claudio; Lambert, Peter J. (University of Oregon, Dept of Economics, 2005-01-01)
    Poverty evaluations differ from welfare evaluations in one significant aspect, the existence of a threshold or reference point, the poverty line. It is therefore possible to build up normative evaluation models in which ...
  • The effect on inequality of changing one or two incomes 

    Lambert, Peter J.; Lanza, Giuseppe (University of Oregon, Dept. of Economics, 2003-06-10)
    We examine the effect on inequality of increasing one income, and show that for two wide classes of indices a benchmark income level or position exists, dividing upper from lower incomes, such that if a lower income is ...