CULTURAL PERSISTENCE: THE ADAPTATION AND CONTINUATION OF DIETARY AND LIFESTYLE PRACTICES OF THE NORTHERN PAIUTE AND KLAMATH TRIBES
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This thesis examines the effects of Western contact on the lifestyle and dietary practices of the Northern Paiute and Klamath tribes between 1864 and 1900, and discusses how such impacts manifest themselves in a modem context. The Northern Paiute and Klamath of Central Oregon thrived as mobile tribes subsisting off of local flora and fauna collected in their seasonal rounds. With Western contact however, both tribes were forced to adopt a number Western subsistence and lifestyle habits as they were moved onto reservations. These sudden changes still affect tribal members' lives today in the form of Western diseases, loss of access to traditional food items, and an increased in the consumption of Western food items. Despite these adverse effects the Northern Paiute and Klamath have both managed to continue a number of traditional dietary practices, as well as to combat health and legislative issues with grass-roots efforts from within the tribal communities.