Pollution in the Río Santiago: A Qualitative Analysis
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The Rio Grande de Santiago-colloquially known as the Rio Santiago-has become one of the most polluted rivers in North America. The river, which spans more than 430 kilometers, directly borders numerous towns whose citizens have been afflicted with several pollution related health issues. Much of the pollution stems from the industrial center of Guadalajara where over a hundred corporations, many of which are international, set up plants and factories in the wake of NAFTA. Although the extent of the pollution and its repercussions for public health have been known for some time, the Mexican government has been slow make meaningful action towards preventing the pollution. This study performs a qualitative analysis on the economics of pollution in the Rio Santiago, employing a systematic review of relevant literature in order to explore the culpability ofNAFTA in promoting pollution, the mechanisms which encourage environmentally unsustainable behavior, as well as the sources and long-run economic effects of the pollution.