The Rise and Fall of the Forest Workers' Cooperatives of the Pacific Northwest
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This is a study of the emergence, success and failure of the forest workers' cooperative movement in the Pacific Northwest. The spontaneous emergence and early success of these cooperatives is explained by features of the reforestation market and production process. Tendencies to degeneration have been observed of workers' cooperatives, and theory traces such tendencies to various feature of the cooperative form. What explains the failure of the reforestation cooperatives; changes in their environment or flaws intrinsic to the cooperative form of enterprise? The study concludes that the failures resulted from sudden and severe collapse in the reforestation market, not from the cooperative organization of the firms.