Temperament and strategies for activational and inhibitory control
Johnson, Laura M.
Individual differences in temperament include emotional reactivity and attention self regulation; both reactivity and regulation may influence the strategies individuals use in managing their own behavior and emotions. Correlations were explored between measures of adult temperament and the reported use of strategies for situations requiring inhibitory control and activational control. Participants completed Evansâ & Rothbartâ s (2005) Adult Temperament Questionnaire and a self-regulatory strategy questionnaire, based on college studentsâ open-ended generation of strategies. Multiple regression analysis found that the temperamental capacity for activational control predicted the use of strategies in inhibitory control situations as well activational control situations. Positive affect and sociability predicted the use of reward focused strategies, while fear predicted the use of punishment focused strategies.