The spatial concepts of the Incheon port vicinities Redevelopment project
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The purpose of this project is to design spatial concepts for the Incheon port vicinities so that Incheon can revitalize its downtown and develop its waterfront as an open space for its citizen. Most of the study area is occupied by the industrial factories, however, the area has had increasing opportunities for redevelopment since the creation of the Incheon Free Economic Zone, which surrounds the area; some redevelopment is currently underway: the function of the inner port can be relocated to other place, resulting in the inner port becoming a clean port; and improvements have been made to the transportation system, such as a subway from Incheon to Suwon, the second airport railway plan connecting Incheon Airport and Incheon Railway Station, and the second capital outer circulation highway, which will deliver convenience of transit to the area; and especially, Incheon Asian Game, that will be held in 2014, would accelerate the redevelopment of the area. The premise of the spatial concepts of the project is as : The main urban function will be tourism related to the Walmi tourism special district; Tourism and cultural industries such as video technology will be the main industries; The projected population will be similar to that of the present by the time of complete redevelopment; Focus will be placed on open space, waterfront along the bay, and waterways in the middle of the area; The density of the area will be a combination of low and high, with especially low density in commercial areas. The spatial concepts of the project can be summarized as: the connectivity of open space, waterfronts, and parks along the bay and waterway, the zoning of commercial areas to the maximum and residential areas kept to a minimum, the skyline which has low buildings on either sides of the area and high buildings in the central area, and the creation of a water park, a world cuisine mall, a video culture district, and a museum that will reuse old factories. In designing spatial concepts for downtown Incheon, while some details are specific to Incheon, the project adopts a series of literature review of the U.S, and case studies of San Francisco bay, Most of the information about redevelopment strategies and programs in this project can be applied to other cities in any states and countries.