Now showing items 1-20 of 136

    • Accident probabilities and seat belt usage: A psychological perspective 

      Slovic, Paul; Fischhoff, Baruch; Lichtenstein, Sarah (Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1978)
      Motorists' reluctance to wear seat belts is examined in light of research showing (a) that protective behavior is influenced more by the probability of a hazard than by the magnitude of its consequences and (b) that people ...
    • The Affect Heuristic In Early Judgments of Product Innovations 

      King, Jesse; Slovic, Paul (Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 2014)
      According to the affect heuristic, people often rely upon their overall affective impression of a target to form judgments of risk. However, innovation research has largely characterized risk perception as a function of ...
    • Affect, risk perception and future optimism after the tsunami disaster 

      Vastfjall, Daniel; Peters, Ellen; Slovic, Paul (Society for Judgment and Decision Making, 2008-01)
      Environmental events such as natural disasters may influence the public’s affective reactions and decisions. Shortly after the 2004 Tsunami disaster we assessed how affect elicited by thinking about this disaster influenced ...
    • Affect, Risk, and Decision Making 

      Slovic, Paul; Peters, Ellen; Finucane, Melissa; MacGregor, Donald G. (2005)
      Risk is perceived and acted on in 2 fundamental ways. Risk as feelings refers to individuals' fast, instinctive, and intuitive reactions to danger. Risk as analysis brings logic, reason, and scientific deliberation to bear ...
    • Affect, Values, and Nanotechnology Risk Perceptions: An Experimental Investigation 

      Kahan, Dan; Slovic, Paul; Braman, Donald; Gastil, John; Cohen, Geoffrey (Yale Law School, 2007-03)
      Despite knowing little about nanotechnology (so to speak), members of the public readily form opinions on whether its potential risks outweigh its potential benefits. On what basis are they forming their judgments? How ...
    • Affective reactions and context-dependent processing of negations 

      Rubaltelli, Enrico; Slovic, Paul (Society for Judgment and Decision Making, 2008-12)
      Three experiments demonstrate how the processing of negations is contingent on the evaluation context in which the negative information is presented. In addition, the strategy used to process the negations induced different ...
    • Analyzing the expert judge: A descriptive study of a stockbroker's decision processes 

      Slovic, Paul (Journal of Applied Psychology, 1969)
      This study illustrates an analysis-of-variance technique for describing the use of information by persons making complex judgments. Ss were two stockbrokers who rated the growth potential of stocks on the basis of 11 ...
    • Analyzing the use of information in investment decision making: A methodological proposal 

      Slovic, Paul; Bauman, W. Scott; Fleissner, Dan (1972)
    • The Arithmetic of Emotion: Integration of Incidental and Integral Affect in Judgments and Decisions 

      Vastfjall, Daniel; Slovic, Paul; Burns, William J.; Erlandsson, Arvid; Koppel, Lina; Asutay, Erkin; Tinghog, Gustav (Frontiers Media, 2016-03-08)
      Research has demonstrated that two types of affect have an influence on judgment and decision making: incidental affect (affect unrelated to a judgment or decision such as a mood) and integral affect (affect that is part ...
    • Attentional mechanisms in the generation of sympathy 

      Dickert, Stephan; Slovic, Paul (Society for Judgment and Decision Making, 2009-06)
      Empathic responses, such as sympathy towards others,are a key ingredient in the decision to provide help to those in need. The determinants of empathic responses are usually thought to be the vividness, similarity, and ...
    • Attitudes and Perceptions Associated with Osteoporosis and Its Treatments 

      Satterfield, Theresa; Johnson, Stephen; Neil, Nancy; Slovic, Paul (Decision Research, 1997-08)
    • Behavioral decision theory 

      Slovic, Paul; Lichtenstein, Sarah; Fischhoff, Baruch (1977)
    • Behavioral decision theory perspectives on protective behavior 

      Slovic, Paul; Fischhoff, Baruch; Lichtenstein, Sarah (Cambridge University, 1987)
    • Can word associations and affect be used as indicators of differentiation and consolidation in decision making? 

      Svenson, Ola; Slovic, Paul (Decision Research, 2002-02)
      Two studies investigated how free associations to decision alternatives could be used to describe decision processes. Choices between San Francisco and San Diego as a vacation city were investigated in the first study ...
    • The causes of preference reversal 

      Tversky, Amos; Slovic, Paul; Kahneman, Daniel (American Economic Association, 1990)
      Observed preference reversal (PR) cannot be adequately explained by violations of independence, the reduction axiom, or transitivity. The primary cause of PR is the failure of procedure invariance, especially the overpricing ...
    • Characterizing perception of ecological risk 

      McDaniels, Timothy; Axelrod, Lawrence J.; Slovic, Paul (1995)
      Relatively little attention has been paid to the role of human perception and judgment in ecological risk management. This paper attempts to characterize perceived ecological risk, using the psychometric paradigm developed ...
    • A comparative analysis of risk perception in Hungary and the United States 

      Slovic, Paul; Fischhoff, Baruch; Englander, Tibor; Farago, Klara (1986)
      Studies of risk perception attempt to determine how people characterize and evaluate the hazards of daily life. In the present study, questionnaires that have been used to study risk perception in the United States were ...
    • Compassion fade and the challenge of environmental conservation 

      Markowitz, Ezra; Slovic, Paul; Vastfjall, Daniel; Hodges, Sara (Society for Judgment and Decision Making, 2013-07)
      Compassion shown towards victims often decreases as the number of individuals in need of aid increases, identifiability of the victims decreases, and the proportion of victims helped shrinks. Such “compassion fade” may ...
    • Compassion Fade: Affect and Charity Are Greatest for a Single Child in Need 

      Vastfjall, Daniel; Slovic, Paul; Mayorga, Marcus; Peters, Ellen (PLoS ONE, 2014)
      Charitable giving in 2013 exceeded $300 billion, but why do we respond to some life-saving causes while ignoring others? In our first two studies, we demonstrated that valuation of lives is associated with affective feelings ...
    • Compatibility Effects in Judgment and Choice 

      Slovic, Paul; Griffin, Dale; Tversky, Amos (1990)
      We investigate the hypothesis that the weight of a stimulus attribute is enhanced by its compatibility with the response mode. The first section demonstrates compatibility effects in predictions of market value (Study 1) ...