Now showing items 1-16 of 16

    • Physical Health, Psychological Distress, and Betrayal Trauma 

      Freyd, Jennifer J.; Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968- (2004-08)
      Numerous studies have revealed an association between trauma and adverse physical and mental health status. While the relation is well established, the mechanisms underlying this link are less well understood. In the current ...
    • Exploring the Potential of Pennebaker’s Writing Paradigm on Betrayal Trauma Sequelae 

      Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Momiyama, Takenori (2004-08)
      In Pennebaker's writing paradigm, participants are instructed either to write about emotional events or neutral topics. Those assigned to the emotional writing condition typically display physical and psychological health ...
    • Lack of precision, misleading implications, and ethical issues arising from the use of the label "false memory" for errors in word memory 

      DePrince, Anne P.; Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Oh, Hannah; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      Since 1995, psychologists have increasingly used the term "false memory" to describe memory errors for details (e.g., errors for words learned in a list); such errors in details were once referred to by other terms, such ...
    • What’s the Harm in Asking? Participant Reaction to Trauma History Questions Compared with Other Personal Questions 

      Binder, Angela; Cromer, Lisa D.; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      Previous empirical research has linked the disclosure of traumatic experiences through writing with increased positive cognitive processing and physiological well-being (Park & Blumberg, 2002). The benefits of disclosure ...
    • Believability Bias in Judging Memories for Abuse 

      Cromer, Lisa D.; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      Participants (N=337) were presented with four vignettes in which an adult confided to a friend about being sexually or physically abused at age 9 by either a stranger or father. The memory was presented as either continuous ...
    • Global Coding of Trauma Essays Predicts Health 

      Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      Past research has demonstrated in a variety of contexts that writing about emotional topics can benefit physical health and general well being. Most of this prior research has used a computer program, but not global essay ...
    • Writing About Betrayal Trauma: Examining Gender and Narrative Structure 

      Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      In Pennebaker's writing paradigm, participants are instructed either to write about emotional events or neutral topics. Those assigned to the emotional writing condition typically display physical and psychological health ...
    • Are All Traumatic Events Equal? Further Research Using the BBTS 

      Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Goldberg, Lewis R. (Lewis Robert), 1932- (2005-11)
      The Brief Betrayal Trauma Survey (BBTS; Goldberg & Freyd, 2004) assesses potentially traumatic childhood and adulthood experiences, which can be categorized as high in betrayal (HB) or low in betrayal (LB) depending on ...
    • Betrayal Trauma, Acculturation and Historical Grief Among Native Americans 

      Gray, Mary E.; Cromer, Lisa D.; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2005-11)
      Since European contact, Native Americans have experienced loss of life, land, and culture causing intergenerational trauma and unresolved grief (Yellow Horse Brave Heart & DeBruyn, 1998). Not surprisingly, identification ...
    • Dissociation and Memory for Neutral and Traumatic Stories 

      Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Freyd, Jennifer J. (2005-11)
      Previous research has consistently found a positive correlation between history of trauma and dissociation, and recent research (DePrince and Freyd, 1999; 2004) suggests that people who score high on a measure of dissociation ...
    • Health Effects by Closeness of Sexual Abuse Perpetrator: A Test of Betrayal Trauma Theory 

      Edwards, Valerie J.; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Dube, Shanta R.; Anda, Robert F.; Felitti, Vincent J. (2006-11)
      Betrayal trauma theory (Freyd, 1999) postulates that abuse perpetrated by a caregiver or someone close to you results in worse outcomes than abuse perpetrated by someone less central to your well-being. We used data from ...
    • Abuse Awareness: Physical and Psychological Health Consequences 

      Goldsmith, R.E.; Freyd, Jennifer J.; DePrince, Anne P. (2006-11)
      Despite established links between child abuse and psychological symptoms such as depression, dissociation, and anxiety, many abuse survivors experience awareness of specific abuse instances or abuse-related symptoms without ...
    • Examining Dissociation in Maltreated Preschool Children 

      Cholankeril, Annmarie; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Pears, K.C.; Becker-Blease, Kathryn; Fisher, P.A. (2006-11)
      The purpose of this study is to examine dissociation in a population of preschool-age foster children with documented cases of maltreatment. Data were collected from participants in the Early Intervention Foster Care program ...
    • Adult trauma and adult symptoms: Does childhood trauma drive the relationship? 

      Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2006-11)
      We used structural modeling to examine observed relationships between childhood trauma, adult trauma, and adult dissociation and mental health. We propose a model in which childhood betrayal trauma predicts adult betrayal ...
    • Child Sex Abuse Perpetrators Among Male University Students 

      Becker-Blease, Kathryn; Friend, Daniel; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2006-11)
      Previous studies indicate that approximately 21% of undergraduate men report attraction to “little children”, 4 – 9 % report having fantasies about sex with a child, and 5 – 6% report masturbating to these fantasies. ...
    • Child Abuse: Betrayal and Disclosure 

      Foynes, M. Ming; Freyd, Jennifer J.; DePrince, Anne P. (2006-11)
      The present study examined the association between perpetrator relationship and disclosure latency (DL) for physical and emotional abuse using a survey methodology with a sample of 202 undergraduate participants. Based on ...