Now showing items 1-20 of 38

    • Membership Matters: How Members Change and Continuity Affect Small Group Structure, Process, and Performance 

      Arrow, Holly; McGrath, Joseph E. (SAGE Publications, 1993-08-03)
      A framework for integrating diverse aspects of membership dynamics is outlined, and 10 propositions about membership change and its impact on group structure, process, and performance are presented. Data from a longitudinal ...
    • A Tripartite Model of Group Identification: Theory and Measurement 

      Henry, Kelly Bouas; Arrow, Holly; Carini, Barbara (SAGE Publications, 1999-10-05)
      Group identification is defined as member identification with an interacting group and is distinguished conceptually from social identity, cohesion, and common fate. Group identification is proposed to have three sources: ...
    • Reengineering Gender: Relations in Modern Militaries: An Evolutionary Perspective 

      Hannagan, Rebecca J.; Arrow, Holly (Taylor and Francis Group, 2011)
      This article presents an evolutionary framework for understanding the sexual assault of women in the military. We specify the evolutionary underpinnings of tensions among heterosexual males, among heterosexual females, and ...
    • Stability, Bistability, and Instability in Small Group Influence Patterns 

      Arrow, Holly (American Psychological Association, 1997)
      Three models of change and continuity in group structure are tested using existing longitudinal data on 20 small groups. Groups met face to face or via a computer-mediated communication system for 13 weeks. Computer-mediated ...
    • "Social Poker": A Laboratory test of Predictions form Club Theory 

      Crosson, Scott; Orbell, John; Arrow, Holly (SAGE Publications, 2004)
      The theory of clubs addresses the gap between purely private and purely public goods, being concerned with how groups (‘clubs’) form to provide themselves with goods that are available to their membership, but from which ...
    • Evolutionary Perspectives on Religion: An Overview and Synthesis 

      Smith, Zachary; Arrow, Holly (Journal of the Evolutionary Studies Consortium, 2010)
      Religion is a cultural universal that has puzzled evolutionists since Darwin. The moral, social, emotional, and explanatory components that make up complex religious systems offer both evolutionary benefits and costs. ...
    • The Sharp End of Altruism 

      Arrow, Holly (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2007-10-26)
      Simulations show that war drives the joint evolution of altruism and hostility to outsiders.
    • Relationships and the social brain: Integrating psychological and evolutionary perspectives 

      Sutcliffe, Alistair; Dunbar, Robin; Binder, Jens; Arrow, Holly (Wiley, 2012)
      Psychological studies of relationships tend to focus on specific types of close personal relationships (romantic, parent–offspring, friendship) and examine characteristics of both the individuals and the dyad. This paper ...
    • Military Influence Tactics: Lessons Learned in Iraq and Afghanistan 

      Wolfe, Andrea L.; Arrow, Holly (American Psychological Association, 2013-09-09)
      When deployed U.S. soldiers attempt to influence the attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors of civilians, success can save lives and failure can be deadly. Survey data from 228 military personnel with deployment experience to ...
    • Ancestral War and the Evolutionary Origins of "Heroism" 

      Smirnov, Oleg; Arrow, Holly; Kennett, Douglas; Orbell, John (University of Chicago Press, 2007-11)
      Primatological and archeological evidence along with anthropological accounts of hunter-gatherer societies indicate that lethal between-group violence may have been sufficiently frequent during our ancestral past to have ...
    • The Effect of Feeling Stereotyped on Social Power and Inhibition 

      Cook, Jonathan E.; Arrow, Holly; Malle, Bertram F. (SAGE Publications, 2011)
      An experience sampling study examined the degree to which feeling stereotyped predicts feelings of low power and inhibition among stigmatized and nonstigmatized individuals. For 7 days, participants with a concealable (gay ...
    • Exploring the Potential of Pennebaker’s Writing Paradigm on Betrayal Trauma Sequelae 

      Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Momiyama, Takenori (2004-08)
      In Pennebaker's writing paradigm, participants are instructed either to write about emotional events or neutral topics. Those assigned to the emotional writing condition typically display physical and psychological health ...
    • Physical Health, Psychological Distress, and Betrayal Trauma 

      Freyd, Jennifer J.; Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968- (2004-08)
      Numerous studies have revealed an association between trauma and adverse physical and mental health status. While the relation is well established, the mechanisms underlying this link are less well understood. In the current ...
    • Global Coding of Trauma Essays Predicts Health 

      Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      Past research has demonstrated in a variety of contexts that writing about emotional topics can benefit physical health and general well being. Most of this prior research has used a computer program, but not global essay ...
    • Lack of precision, misleading implications, and ethical issues arising from the use of the label "false memory" for errors in word memory 

      DePrince, Anne P.; Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Oh, Hannah; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2004-11)
      Since 1995, psychologists have increasingly used the term "false memory" to describe memory errors for details (e.g., errors for words learned in a list); such errors in details were once referred to by other terms, such ...
    • Examining Dissociation in Maltreated Preschool Children 

      Cholankeril, Annmarie; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Pears, K.C.; Becker-Blease, Kathryn; Fisher, P.A. (2006-11)
      The purpose of this study is to examine dissociation in a population of preschool-age foster children with documented cases of maltreatment. Data were collected from participants in the Early Intervention Foster Care program ...
    • Adult trauma and adult symptoms: Does childhood trauma drive the relationship? 

      Klest, Bridget K. (Bridget Kristen); Allard, Carolyn B. (Carolyn Brigitte), 1968-; Freyd, Jennifer J. (2006-11)
      We used structural modeling to examine observed relationships between childhood trauma, adult trauma, and adult dissociation and mental health. We propose a model in which childhood betrayal trauma predicts adult betrayal ...
    • Abuse Awareness: Physical and Psychological Health Consequences 

      Goldsmith, R.E.; Freyd, Jennifer J.; DePrince, Anne P. (2006-11)
      Despite established links between child abuse and psychological symptoms such as depression, dissociation, and anxiety, many abuse survivors experience awareness of specific abuse instances or abuse-related symptoms without ...
    • Child Abuse: Betrayal and Disclosure 

      Foynes, M. Ming; Freyd, Jennifer J.; DePrince, Anne P. (2006-11)
      The present study examined the association between perpetrator relationship and disclosure latency (DL) for physical and emotional abuse using a survey methodology with a sample of 202 undergraduate participants. Based on ...
    • Health Effects by Closeness of Sexual Abuse Perpetrator: A Test of Betrayal Trauma Theory 

      Edwards, Valerie J.; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Dube, Shanta R.; Anda, Robert F.; Felitti, Vincent J. (2006-11)
      Betrayal trauma theory (Freyd, 1999) postulates that abuse perpetrated by a caregiver or someone close to you results in worse outcomes than abuse perpetrated by someone less central to your well-being. We used data from ...